Exposition (narrative) - Wikipedia

 

what is exposition in literature

Mar 13,  · What is exposition in literature? Exposition is a literary device that introduces key background information to the reader. This might include anything from a character’s backstory to a description of the setting. Note that it should not be confused with the exposition in the three-act story structure, which refers to the entire first stage of a story (where, similarly, important details are. Narrative exposition is the insertion of background information within a story or narrative. This information can be about the setting, characters' backstories, prior plot events, historical context, etc. In literature, exposition appears in the form of expository writing embedded within the narrative. Aug 10,  · Exposition is a literary term that refers to the part of a story that sets the stage for the drama to follow: it introduces the theme, setting, characters, and circumstances at the story’s seisiyns.gq understand what exposition is, look at how the writer sets the scene for the story and the characters within it.


Exposition - Definition and Examples | LitCharts


Exposition is the description or explanation of background information within a work of literature. Exposition can cover characters and their relationship to one another, the setting or time and place of events, as well as any relevant ideas, details, what is exposition in literature, or historical context. Classic fairy tales often use the words "once upon what is exposition in literature time" to introduce expository details, like who the main characters are, where the story is set, and what the major conflict or problem of what is exposition in literature story might be.

Exposition isn't always quite that easy to spot, but some form of exposition appears in almost every work of literature, and readers typically rely on exposition what is exposition in literature background information to give context to the main events of a story. In linear narratives stories in which a writer describes events in the chronological order in which they occurwriters often include the bulk of the story's exposition near the beginning, then add additional expository details throughout the story—for example, each time a new character, what is exposition in literature, setting, or key idea what is exposition in literature introduced.

In non-linear narratives stories that include flashbacks or move backward and forward in timewriters are more likely to scatter expository details throughout the work.

Writers can also build suspense by withholding expository details, and then revealing them later in a story. Though writers can use many different techniques to create exposition, it comes in two main forms: direct and indirect exposition. It's helpful to understand the distinction between direct and indirect exposition, but bear in mind that most works of literature use a combination what is exposition in literature both direct and indirect exposition to convey important information to the reader.

Below, we'll take a look at some of the major techniques that writers use to create both direct and indirect exposition. Prologues and epilogues are two tools writers can use to create exposition, providing readers with information that allows them to better understand the story or themes of a work of literature. Writers who begin their story in media res in the middle of the action often use flashbacks and memories to convey important information about events that occurred before the beginning of the narrative.

For example, in her dystopian novel The Handmaid's TaleMargaret Atwood uses her narrator's memories to gradually explain how an ultra-conservative sect what is exposition in literature Christianity overthrew the United States government and installed a repressive regime. The use of flashbacks in this case is an example of exposition in a nonlinear narrative.

Writers can also use characters' thoughts as an effective expository tool. Though this is similar to using a character's memories to fill in important information for the reader, a character's thoughts in the present moment can be used to indicate their opinions and worldview, relationships with other characters, what is exposition in literature, and can even give readers important information about other characters.

For example, if a writer wants to show that a character who is working as a cashier longs to be a musician, they might write something like, "Ellen gave the customer his change and sighed. If only I could find a practice space and a drummer, she thought.

This could be the year we finally get the band back together. In theater and film, characters' thoughts are often represented through monologue or dialogue. The words that characters speak—either in dialogue or monologue—are often used to communicate both direct and indirect exposition, and can convey important background information to the reader. Dialogue and monologue are especially what is exposition in literature expository tools for playwrights and screenwriters, because most plays and films rely solely on a combination of visual storytelling, dialogue, and monologue to introduce the world of the story and its characters.

Non-fiction writers may quote media such as books, newspapers, websites, text-messages, magazines, letters, what is exposition in literature, or emails in order to convey important information directly to readers. Similarly, fiction writers may use "in-universe media," meaning forms of media that exist within the world of a story, to contextualize key events or convey background information to the reader.

For example, Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein tells the story of Dr. Frankenstein and his monster through the letters of a peripheral character who is recounting the story to his sister.

Sometimes, narrators use in-universe media to convey new information to the reader and to a character simultaneously, what is exposition in literature. In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stonefor instance, Harry and the reader discover that he has been accepted into Hogwarts at the same time: when he finally gets to read the letter of admission.

And throughout the Harry Potter series, various information is conveyed, to both Harry and the reader, through articles from the wizarding newspaper, The Daily Prophet. All literature that involves a story includes some sort of exposition. If it didn't the characters would exist in a world without context, without histories or a setting. Shakespeare opens Romeo and Juliet with a prologue delivered by a chorus. It begins as follows:. Two households, both alike in dignity In fair Verona, where we lay our scene From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.

With this prologue, Shakespeare uses direct exposition to convey important background information. He is telling the audience that the play is set in Verona and is about two feuding families who are of equal status and share equal blame for the feud and the deaths of civilians. The entire fourteen-line prologue, in fact, reveals even the fact that Romeo and Juliet will ultimately die: the entire plot, and the character's fate, is provided in the exposition of the prologue.

Speak tells the story of a young girl named Melinda's first year of high school, as she grapples with depression after something terrible happens to her at a party. As she celebrates Christmas with her parents, Melinda tells what is exposition in literature reader about her struggle to hide her secret:. I almost tell them right then and there, what is exposition in literature. Tears flood my eyes. They noticed. I try to swallow the snowball in my throat. Maybe they even heard about me calling the cops.

Melinda does not tell her friends, family, or even the reader what exactly happened to her until later in the novel, so Anderson uses a combination of direct and indirect exposition—including flashbacks and Melinda's thoughts—to gradually clue readers into why she feels so isolated and depressed. In this passage, the reader learns that whatever happened at the party caused Melinda to call the police.

Bennet, their relationship, and their differing attitudes towards arranging marriages for their daughters:. You must know that I am thinking of his marrying one of them.

Nonsense, how can you talk so! But it is very likely that he may fall in love with one of them, and therefore you must visit him as soon as he comes. This conversation provides indirect exposition, showing readers—without explaining it directly—that Mrs.

Bennet is preoccupied with arranging marriages for her daughters, and that Mr. Bennet has a deadpan sense of humor and enjoys teasing his wife. Forster begins Howard's End with a series of letters from Helen to her sister, Meg. Helen is staying with family friends at a house called Howard's End when she writes the letter that closes Chapter 1, which reads as follows:. Howard's End, Sunday. Dearest, dearest Meg, I do not know what you will say: Paul and I are in love, the younger son who only came here Wednesday.

Though Helen and Paul quickly break off their relationship, Helen's declaration of love gives readers and Helen's sister key information they would not have known otherwise, and sets the action of the novel in motion. This is an example of the use of "in-universe media" to create exposition. Songs often tell stories just as novels or other literature does.

While not all songs tell stories that require exposition, those that do often contain exposition. I remember when we broke up the first time Saying, "This is it, I've had enough," 'cause like We hadn't seen each other in a month When you said you needed space. Then you come around again and say, "Baby, I miss you and I swear I'm gonna change, trust me.

Swift draws from memories and uses dialogue to establish that she and the person she is addressing have broken up and gotten back together several times. This exposition provides context for the resolution she reaches in the chorus: to "never get back together, what is exposition in literature.

These lines, which form part of the song's chorus, establish that Drake is addressing a person with whom he used to have a relationship. They also provide context for the events and feelings that he describes throughout the song's verses.

Exposition locates readers in the world of the story: it establishes the "who, what, where, what is exposition in literature, when," and sometimes "why" of a plot. Depending on a writer's goals and the style in which they are writing, what is exposition in literature, they may place exposition at the beginning of a story, or they may introduce it gradually throughout the text, often with the aim of creating mystery or building suspense by withholding key details that contextualize important events and explain characters' world-views or motivations.

This can have the advantage of encouraging the audience to keep reading or watching as the story unfolds. In journalistic writing, it is common practice to open a story with a "lede," or a sentence that sums up the main event that the story is reporting on. Then, each time a new place, person, or idea is introduced throughout the story, the writer will offer a brief explanation. Journalists use this kind of direct exposition because news reporting is intended to give readers important information in a clear, direct, and succinct fashion.

Sign In Sign Up. Exposition Definition. Exposition Examples. Exposition Function. Exposition Resources. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does.

Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of every Shakespeare play. LitCharts From the creators of SparkNotes, something better.

Download this entire guide PDF. Exposition Definition What is exposition? Some additional key details about exposition: Writers can introduce exposition into a story in a variety of ways, but it appears across all genres and styles of storytelling. The individual pieces of background information that writers use to create exposition are known as expository details. The word exposition comes from the Latin word exponerewhich means to put out, exhibit, or explain. Some people use the term "exposition" as if it's a bad thing, which awkwardly breaks up the flow of a story with chunks of background detail.

It's important to understand that all literature involves some sort of exposition, and it can be done either well such that as a reader you almost don't realize it's happening or badly such that it lamely messes up the pacing or energy of the story.

Exposition Pronunciation Here's how to pronounce exposition: ek -spuh-zih-shun Understanding Exposition Classic fairy tales often use the words "once upon a time" to introduce expository details, like who the main characters are, where the story is set, what is exposition in literature, and what the major conflict or problem of the story might be, what is exposition in literature.

Exposition in Linear vs. Non-linear Narratives In what is exposition in literature narratives stories in which a writer describes events in the chronological order in which they occurwriters often include the bulk of the story's exposition near the beginning, then add additional expository details throughout the story—for what is exposition in literature, each time a new character, setting, what is exposition in literature, or key idea is introduced.

Direct and Indirect Exposition Though writers can use many different techniques to create exposition, it comes in two main forms: direct and indirect exposition. Direct exposition occurs when the narrator or a character briefly pauses or delays the action of the story to introduce expository details. For example, in the opening chapter of I Capture the Castle by Dodi Smith, the novel's narrator uses direct exposition when she describes her sister as "nearly twenty-one and very bitter with life.

For example, if a narrator mentions that a woman is biting her fingernails and fidgeting with her purse, the reader can infer that the woman feels nervous. Prologue and Epilogue Prologues and epilogues are two tools writers can use to create exposition, providing readers with information that allows them to better understand the story or themes of a work of literature. A prologue is a short introduction to a work of literature that provides context and background information for the story that follows, and which may briefly summarize the story's main events.

 

What Is Exposition in Literature?

 

what is exposition in literature

 

Mar 13,  · What is exposition in literature? Exposition is a literary device that introduces key background information to the reader. This might include anything from a character’s backstory to a description of the setting. Note that it should not be confused with the exposition in the three-act story structure, which refers to the entire first stage of a story (where, similarly, important details are. Narrative exposition is the insertion of background information within a story or narrative. This information can be about the setting, characters' backstories, prior plot events, historical context, etc. In literature, exposition appears in the form of expository writing embedded within the narrative. Aug 10,  · Exposition is a literary term that refers to the part of a story that sets the stage for the drama to follow: it introduces the theme, setting, characters, and circumstances at the story’s seisiyns.gq understand what exposition is, look at how the writer sets the scene for the story and the characters within it.