Definition and Examples of a Written Summary of Text


summary outline example

An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure. An outline is used to present the main points (in sentences) or topics (terms) of a given subject. Each item in an outline may be divided into additional sub-items. A Summary of the Short Story "Miss Brill" by Katherine Mansfield "'Miss Brill is the story of an old woman told brilliantly and realistically, balancing thoughts and emotions that sustain her late solitary life amidst all the bustle of modern life. Miss Brill is a regular visitor on Sundays to the Jardins Publiques (the Public Gardens) of a small French suburb where she sits and watches all. Outline Summary. This type of summary mimics the structure of the text being summarized. It includes the main points and argument in the same order they appear in the original text. This is an especially effective technique to use when the accompanying response will be analytic, such as an evaluation of the logic or evidence used in a text.

How to Write a Summary of an Article | Owlcation

An outlinealso called a hierarchical outlineis a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.

An outline is used summary outline example to present the main points in sentences or topics terms of a given subject. Each item in an outline may be divided into additional sub-items. If an organizational level in an outline is to be sub-divided, it shall have at least two subcategories, as advised by major style manuals in current use. It is not to be confused with the general context of the term "outline", which a summary or overview of a subject, presented verbally or written in prose [7] for example, The Outline of History is not an outline of the type presented below.

The outlines described in this article are lists, and come in several varieties. A sentence outline is a tool for composing a document, such as an essay, a paper, a book, or even an encyclopedia. It is a list used to organize the facts or points to be covered, and their order of presentation, by section.

Topic outlines list the subtopics of a subject, arranged in levels, summary outline example, and while they can be used to plan a composition, they are most often used as a summary, such as in the form of a table of contents or the topic list in a college course's syllabus.

Outlines are further differentiated by the index prefixing used, or lack thereof. Many outlines include a numerical or alphanumerical prefix preceding each entry in the outline, to provide a specific path for each item, to aid in referring to and discussing the entries listed.

An alphanumerical outline uses alternating letters and numbers to identify entries. A decimal outline uses only numbers as prefixes.

An outline without prefixes is called a "bare outline". Specialized applications of outlines also exist. A reverse outline is a list of sentences or topics that is created from an existing work, as a revision tool; it may show the gaps in the document's coverage so that they may be filled, and may help in rearranging sentences or topics to improve the structure and flow of the work. An integrated outline is a composition tool for writing scholastic works, in which the sources, and the writer's notes from the summary outline example, are integrated into the outline for ease of reference during the writing process.

A software program designed for processing outlines is called an outliner, summary outline example. Outlines are summary outline example by style, the inclusion of prefixes, and specialized purpose. There are also hand-written outlines which are highly limited in utilityand digitized outlines, such as those contained within an outliner which are much more useful.

The Outline of Knowledge was a project by Mortimer Adler. Matter and Energy", "1. Structure and Properties of Atoms". A feature included in many outlines is prefixing. Similar to section numbersan outline prefix is a label usually alphanumeric or numeric placed at the beginning of an outline entry to assist in referring to it.

An alphanumeric outline includes a prefix at the beginning of each topic as a reference aid. The prefix is in the form of Roman numerals for the top level, upper-case letters in the alphabet of the language being used for the next level, Arabic numerals for the next level, and then lowercase letters for the next level. For further levels, the order is started over again.

Each numeral or letter is followed by a period, and each item is capitalized, as in the following sample:. Thesis statement : E-mail and internet monitoringas currently practiced, is an invasion of employees' rights in the workplace. Some call the Roman numerals "A-heads" for "A-level headings"the upper-case letters, summary outline example, and so on.

Some writers also prefer to insert a blank line between the A-heads and B-heads, while often keeping the B-heads summary outline example C-heads together.

If more levels of outline are needed, lower-case Roman numerals and numbers and lower-case letters, sometimes with single and double parenthesis can be used, although the exact order is not well defined, and usage varies widely. A very different style recommended by The Chicago Manual of Style[1] [11] based on the practice of the United States Congress in drafting legislation, suggests the following sequence, from the top to the seventh level the only ones specified : I.

One side effect of the use of both Roman numerals and uppercase letters in all of these styles of outlining is that in most alphabets, "I. Summary outline example is usually not problematic because lower level items are usually referred to hierarchically.

For example, the third sub-sub-item of the fourth sub-item of the second item is item II. So, the ninth sub-item letter-I of the first item Roman-I is item I. The decimal outline format has the advantage of showing how every item at every level relates to the whole, as summary outline example in the following sample outline:. A reverse outline is an outline made from an existing work.

Reverse outlining is like reverse engineering a document. The points or topics are extracted from the work, and are arranged in their order of presentation, by section, in the outline. Once completed, the outline can be filled in and rearranged as a summary outline example for a new improved version of the document.

An integrated outline is a helpful step in the process of organizing and writing a scholarly paper literature reviewresearch paper, summary outline example, thesis or dissertation. When completed the integrated outline contains the relevant scholarly sources author's last name, publication year, page number if quote for each summary outline example in the outline.

An integrated outline is generally prepared after the scholar has collected, read and mastered the literature that will be used in the research paper. Shields and Rangarajan recommend that new scholars develop a system to do this, summary outline example. Part of the system should contain a systematic way to take notes on the scholarly sources.

This way the scholar reviews all of the literature before the writing begins. An integrated outline can be a helpful tool for people with writer's block because the content of the paper is organized and identified prior to writing. The structure and content is combined and the author can write a small section at a time.

The process is less overwhelming because it can be separated into manageable chunks. The first draft can be written using smaller blocks of time. Merriam-Webster's manual for writers and editorsp, summary outline example.

Garson distinguishes a 'standard outline', presented as a regular table of contents from a refined tree-like 'hierarchical outline', stating that "such an outline might be appropriate, for instance, when the purpose is taxonomic placing observed phenomena into an exhaustive set of categories.

Writers of fiction and creative nonfictionsuch as Jon Franklin, [15] may use outlines to establish plot sequence, character development and dramatic flow of a story, summary outline example, sometimes in conjunction with free writing. Preparation of an outline is an intermediate step in the process of writing a scholarly research paper, literature reviewsummary outline example, thesis or dissertation.

A special kind of outline integrated outline incorporates scholarly sources into the outline before the writing begins. In addition to being used as a composition tool during the drafting process, outlines can summary outline example be used as a publishing format.

Outlines can presented as work's table of contents, but they can also be used as the body of a work. The Outline of Knowledge from the 15th edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica is an example of this. Summary outline example includes outlines that summarize subjects for example, see Outline of chessOutline of Marsand Outline of knowledge, summary outline example.

Professors often hand out to their students at the beginning of a term, a summary of the subjects to be covered throughout the course in the form of a topic outline. It may also be included as part of a larger course synopsis, summary outline example. Outlines, especially those used within an outlinercan be used for planning, scheduling, and recording.

An outliner or "outline processor" is a specialized type of word processor used to view, create, build, summary outline example, modify, and maintain outlines.

It is a computer program, or part of one, used for displaying, organizing, and editing hierarchically arranged summary outline example in an outline's tree structure. Textual information is contained in discrete sections called "nodes", which are arranged according to their topic-subtopic parent-child relationships, sort of like the members of a family tree.

When loaded into an outliner, summary outline example, an outline may be collapsed or expanded to display as few or as many levels summary outline example desired.

Outliners are used for storing and retrieving textual information, with terms, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs attached to a tree. So rather than being arranged by document, information is arranged by topic or content. An outline in an outliner may contain as many topics as desired. This eliminates the need to have separate documents, as outlines easily include summary outline example outlines just summary outline example adding to the tree.

The main difference between a hand-written outline and a digital one, is that the former is usually limited to a summary or blueprint of a planned document, while the latter may easily include all of the content of the entire document and many more. In other words, as a hand-written work an outline is a writing tool, but on a computer, summary outline example, it is a general purpose format supported by a robust development and display medium capable of handling knowledge from its creation to its end summary outline example. Outliners may be used in content creation instead of general word processors for capturing, organizing, editing, and displaying knowledge or general textual information.

Outliners are ideal for managing lists, organizing facts and ideas, summary outline example, and for writing computer programs. They are also used for goal and task management including personal information management and project managementand for writing books and movie scripts. The graphical counterpart to outliners are mind mappers. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Outline summary. List arranged to show hierarchical relationships.

For the Wikipedia template named Outlines, see Template:Outlines. For the Wikipedia outline lists, see Wikipedia:Outlines. Main article: Outliner. Chicago Manual of Style 16th ed. Chicago: U. L You should have at least two items to list at each level; if you do not, reconsider the structure of the outline, summary outline example.

Retrieved Division — How do I accomplish this? Each heading should be divided into 2 or more parts. Psychology Writing Center, U, summary outline example. Archived from the original PDF on Both topic and sentence outlines follow rigid formats By convention, each category consists of a minimum of two entries. Archived from the original on Each heading and subheading must have at least two parts.

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APA Outline Examples - PDF | Examples


summary outline example


This example contains several outline samples for you to relate on. To give you a brief easy-to-understand guide, simply read this one. 3. Decimal Outlines. Similar to the alphanumeric outline and full-sentence outline, the decimal outline utilizes the same format but just with the use of decimals to note each heading and subheading. 3. The summary should be a condensed version of the material, presented in your own words. * * Also. do not include anything that does not appear in the original. (Do not include your own comments or evaluation.) and Be sure to identify your source. For example: In his paper “Global Implications of Patent Law Variation,” Koji Suzuki ( Jun 21,  · the major supporting points (in outline form) major supporting explanations (e.g. reasons/causes or effects) Writing your summary--Steps: Organize your notes into an outline which includes main ideas and supporting points but no examples or details (dates, numbers, statistics).