HOW TO WRITE A QUANTITATIVE METHODS PAPER

 

sample quantitative research paper

Writing Chapter 3 Chapter 3: Methodology (Quantitative) Components of Chapter 3 •Participants •Final Report Past Tense. Participants •Target population and the sample that you will use for generalizing about the target population. •Demographic information such as age, gender, Example Quantitative Research Question What is the. I propose an outline for quantitative research papers. This is a difficulty I often observe in people starting a research career, particularly PhD students. Thus, I believe this outline might help to create a mental map of the work associated to writing a paper, as well as preparing the work necessary to write seisiyns.gq: Rui Pedro Paiva. A Sample Quantitative Research Proposal Written in the APA 6th Style [Note: This sample proposal is based on a composite of past proposals, simulated information and references, and material I’ve included for illustration purposes – it is based roughly on a.


Sample of Quantitative Research Paper | seisiyns.gq


This research study sought to develop, pilot test, and assess a brief male-centered condom promotion program for urban young adult African American males. The purpose of the qualitative component was to identify and explore condom-use barriers and facilitators while that of the quantitative component was to identify the prevalence of condom-related behaviors and the feasibility of program administration.

After recruitment of study participants from hang-out spots and street intercepts, study participants were self-administered a baseline survey regarding their perceived condom-use behaviors prior to random assignment to program conditions a condom promotion program and an attention-matched comparison condition.

In this paper, we report the findings from the analyses of the quantitative baseline survey data. The implications and limitations of this study are described and recommendations provided for program development. The bad news sample quantitative research paper that it is clear that negative attitudes about condom use persist.

Factors associated with consistent condom use, especially among African Americans, sample quantitative research paper, have been reported to include male gender, sample quantitative research paper, youth, engaging in lower frequency of sexual intercourse, greater impulse control, having fewer feelings of loneliness, sample quantitative research paper, greater self-efficacy to refuse high-risk sexual activities, perceptions that peer norms support condom use, not having had prior difficulty with using condoms and greater self-efficacy to persuade sexual partners about the importance of condom use.

In an effort to develop, support and promote a brief male-focused condom promotion program, irrespective of sexual orientation, we conducted a health promotion study to further explore the condom seeking behaviors of young adult urban African American males who frequent hang out spots such as street corners, neighborhood grocery stores, indoor game centers, or fast food store parking lots.

In this paper, we report the baseline findings from this research study that was designed to identify the determinants of condom-use barriers and facilitators, as well as the perceived stages of change for condom use and the condom-related behavioral skills of this population. Two behavioral determinants of the SCT are outcome expectancies and self-efficacy. Self-efficacy, on the other hand, is the belief that a person is capable of performing a particular behavior e.

The study materials such as the survey questionnaire and consent forms were developed at the sixth-grade reading level. Participants were individually approached at hang-out spots such as grocery stores, street corners, and indoor recreational centers within the neighborhoods of one of four designated community centers by study team members or recruiters during community outreach recruitment visits, as well as via a mobile van making stops at targeted recruitment sites.

Whether by community outreach recruitment visits or the mobile van, at each recruitment site, study team members had individually approached each person and subsequently informed them about the goals of the project.

Then, individuals with interest were sequestered into a private space to determine their eligibility for enrollment into the study. Participants meeting the eligibility criteria were asked to provide relevant locators and tracking information such as cell phone and pager numbers, sample quantitative research paper, contact information on three family members or personal friends and information on other commonly used hang out spots in order to finalize their enrollment procedures for the longitudinal pilot sample quantitative research paper. For those who were asked to provide additional information to confirm their eligibility, a mutually acceptable prearranged meeting was scheduled within the next hours to meet and complete the enrollment requirements.

At those prearranged sessions, eligibility criteria were reconfirmed and the informed consent procedures administered to participants, in which each person was asked to repeat the highlights of the informed consents based on a standardized checklist of major study events such as perceived benefits if anyexpectations of program staff for participation in the study, and incentives or enablers.

Last, signed copies of the informed consent forms were separately provided to participants who were then informed of the dates and times for baseline survey administration, random assignment to program conditions and program administration, respectively, sample quantitative research paper.

A total sample of urban African American males within the project area was approached by trained program staff for recruitment into the study. Approximately equal number of individuals from each of four designated community centers, including the respective surrounding communities was targeted for recruitment. As such, the findings from this baseline survey are reported in this paper.

We used short durations to elicit appropriate recalls of condom-seeking behaviors for study participants because prior research has established that such contexts may be appropriate for accurate recall of risky behaviors and to permit detection of relatively infrequent sexual-related behaviors. Accordingly, we developed a item minute sample quantitative research paper pencil-and-paper questionnaire to elicit relevant data on condom seeking behaviors of urban young adult African American males.

This integrated construct was consistent with tenets of both theoretical models, sample quantitative research paper. Last, a few of the constructs we had used for this study are described below. Higher scores represented more favorable attitudes toward condom use. Higher scores represented greater barriers to condom use. These survey items assessed peer norms regarding condom use e. Responses were represented by 1 yes or no; 2 none of them, some of them, sample quantitative research paper, almost all of them; or 3 5-point Likert scales sample quantitative research paper. Responses were represented by 5-point Likert scales e.

Responses were represented by a 5-point Likert scale e. The surveys were coded with unique identifiers and administered to enrolled participants based on appropriate schedules in a secured office space at one of four designated community centers.

The survey was administered on an individualized, i. The data collection occurred immediately after a participant had been enrolled into the study and the informed consent procedures completed but prior to program administration, with the data collector stressing the need for honestly in answering survey questions.

Finally, the study protocols, implementation procedures, and all relevant approvals and clearances from the collaborating organization, including the community centers were approved by the Institutional Review Board IRB of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation PIRE regarding the ethical protection of human subjects prior to the commencement of this research study.

First, survey data were entered into a customized data management system by an experienced data entry staff. Second, sample quantitative research paper, a more experienced data entry staff rechecked all data entries for verification purposes.

Where error existed, the particular survey item was reviewed and the appropriate correction made in the data management system by the second-level data verification staff. Prior to data analyses, all variables were checked for normality of distribution, including out-of-range and non-logical responses.

Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the extent to which the 17 constructs, as shown in Sample quantitative research paper 2 e. Since all predictors are continuous, they were transformed to z scores prior to performing the logistic regressions in order to render the odds ratios OR to be more comparable across predictors.

Accordingly, multicollinearity was not sample quantitative research paper problem in the logistic regressions, as correlations between predictors did not exceed 0. Overall, sample quantitative research paper, young adults between the ages of years old completed the sample quantitative research paper survey see Table 2. Study participants reported experiencing sexual events at relatively young ages, sample quantitative research paper.

Alarmingly, self-reports regarding high-risk sexual behaviors were noticeably observed among this population. Self-reported history of life time substance use was very prevalent among this sample of urban African American males. Also, of those who had tested for other Sample quantitative research paper e. African American males perceived an inverse relationship between condom-carrying behaviors and sexual encounters. Note: Past 30 day analyses are based on the participants who indicated that they had sex in the past 30 days and the next 30 day analyses are only based on the participants who indicated that they planned on having sex in the next 30 days.

Participants with missing data on any variable were not included in these analyses or deleted listwise. Several observations were derived from the sample quantitative research paper findings of this research project regarding condom-use behaviors. Similar to these findings, evidence of high-risk sexual behaviors among African American males have been previously reported.

Third, communication with peers and relationship dynamics with sexual partners were identified as protective factors for these innercity young adult African American males. Such findings have significant implications for program development for this high-risk urban populations regarding the incorporation and strengthening of program components on peer and partner-related condom communication, 2341 self-efficacy, 1423293041 decision dynamics e. Fourth, the data clearly debunked the myths surrounding condom-carrying by sexually experienced individuals, sample quantitative research paper.

These findings lend credence to the importance of condom-carrying by high-risk sexually experienced young adult males, as well as strongly support the importance of incorporating condom-carrying skills, as a vital component, in the development of condom promotion programs for this population.

The most important contribution of this study on condom use is the fact that largely different sets of predictors had emerged for retrospective past 30 days relative to prospective next 30 days condom-use behaviors see Table 3. On the other hand, prospective condom-use behaviors or intentions were predicted by positive reasons pros to use condoms, condom-use beliefs, condom-carrying skills, and future 3-month intentions regarding unprotected sexual intercourse, respectively.

Because the literature documents that prior evidence of condom-use behaviors is a relatively good predictor of condom-use intentions, 8143743 its implication, for the purpose of this study, is that variables that promoted retrospective condom-use behaviors must be strengthened during program development and implementation in order to effectively enhance and promote prospective condom-use behaviors, as well as condom use, especially for young adult urban African American males who are traditionally least likely to use condoms during sexual activities.

While we have clearly demonstrated that the baseline findings from this research study may have significant public health implications regarding the condom-use behaviors sample quantitative research paper urban African American males, as well as the development of condom promotion programs for this population, sample quantitative research paper, limitations exist.

They included self report of condom-use behaviors, include target group and venue selection biases. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Author manuscript; available in PMC Aug Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Address reprint requests to: Stephen B.

Kennedy, M. Copyright notice. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article, sample quantitative research paper. Abstract This research study sought to develop, pilot test, and assess a brief male-centered condom promotion program for urban young adult African American males.

Enrollment procedures Participants were individually approached at hang-out spots such as grocery stores, street corners, and indoor recreational centers within the neighborhoods of one of four designated community centers by study team members or recruiters during community outreach recruitment visits, as well as via a mobile van making stops at targeted recruitment sites.

Study participants A total sample of urban African American males within the project area was approached by trained program staff for recruitment into the study.

Study measures We used short durations to elicit appropriate recalls of condom-seeking behaviors for study participants because prior research has established that such contexts may be appropriate for accurate recall of risky behaviors and to permit detection of relatively infrequent sexual-related behaviors.

Peer-related factors These survey items assessed peer norms regarding condom use e. Data analyses First, survey data were entered into a customized data management system by an experienced data entry staff. Open in a separate window. Sexual debut Study participants reported experiencing sexual events at relatively young ages.

Risky sexual behaviors Alarmingly, self-reports regarding high-risk sexual behaviors were noticeably observed among this population. Substance use Self-reported history of life time substance use was very prevalent among this sample of urban African American males. Condom-carrying behaviors African American males perceived an inverse relationship between condom-carrying behaviors and sexual encounters, sample quantitative research paper.

Long-term outcomes of an abstinence-based, small-group pregnancy prevention program in New York city schools. Family Planning Perspectives, sample quantitative research paper. A review of the cost-effectiveness of interventions to prevent sexual transmission of HIV in the United States.

AIDS Behav. J Consult Clin Psychol. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. African-American adolescents residing in high-risk urban environments do use condoms: Correlates and predictors of condom use among adolescents in public housing developments, sample quantitative research paper. Marin BV, Marin G. Predictors of condom accessibility among Hispanics in San Francisco.

Am J Public Health. Correct condom application among African-American adolescent females: The relationship to perceived self-efficacy and the association to confirmed STDs. J Adolesc Health. Maharaj P. Obstacles to negotiating dual protection: Perspective of men and women. Afr J Reprod Health, sample quantitative research paper. Cost as a barrier to condom use: The evidence for condom subsidies sample quantitative research paper the United Status.

Condom availability programs in Massachusetts high schools: Relationship with condom use and sexual behavior. The effects of an abusive primary partner on the condom use and sexual negotiation practices of African-American women.

Gender difference in the prediction of condom use among incarcerated juvenile offenders: Testing the information-motivation-behavior skills IMB model.

 

 

sample quantitative research paper

 

A Sample Quantitative Research Proposal Written in the APA 6th Style [Note: This sample proposal is based on a composite of past proposals, simulated information and references, and material I’ve included for illustration purposes – it is based roughly on a. this specific research is evident in the current limitation of quantitative data regarding the PLC model that is being increasingly advocated for at the government, state, and district level. Accordingly, this study sought to provide data to districts that were looking to implement the PLC model regarding its effectiveness as perceived by theCited by: 2. Writing Chapter 3 Chapter 3: Methodology (Quantitative) Components of Chapter 3 •Participants •Final Report Past Tense. Participants •Target population and the sample that you will use for generalizing about the target population. •Demographic information such as age, gender, Example Quantitative Research Question What is the.